Encyclopédie Marikavel-Jean-Claude-EVEN/Encyclopaedia/Enciclopedia/Enzyklopädie/egkuklopaideia

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* forum du site Marikavel : Academia Celtica

dernière mise à jour 28/05/2012 10:29:46

Définition : ville d'Angleterre; comté de Yorkshire.


Extrait de la carte Ordnance Survey : Map of Roman Britain.


Étymologie :

A. Virosidum

* Rivet & Smith, p. 506-507 : 


- ND XL,56 : Tribunus cohortis sextae Nerviorum, VIROSIDO.

DERIVATION. The first element is one of those listed under Viroconium, but it is impossible to say which. The second could be a variant of, or miscopying of, the *sed- 'sit' root discussed under Manduessedum and Camulosessa, for which close parallels in its present application are provided by Metlosedum > Melun (Seine-et-Oise, France) and Sidoloucum (Sedelaucum) > Saulieu (Côte-d'Or, France), the latter also providing support in one of its forms for present -sidum. A sense of 'seat', vaguely 'place', is therefore appropriate. For the formation as a whole the Continental analogues Virodunum, Viromagus, etc., are then illustrative.

IDENTIFICATION. Almost certainly the Roman fort at Brough by Bainbridge, Yorkshire (SD 9390), garrisoned in Severan times by Cohors VI Nerviorum (RIB 722) and still occupied in the fourth century. Since this is the last name in ND's list it is impossible to be certain, but the ordrer which we propose (Bremetenaco / Ribchester - Olenaco / Elslack - Virosido / Bainbridge) is geographically logical.

Sources :

- Eilert EKWALL : The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English place-names. Clarendon Press. fourth edition, 1980.

- Ordnance Survey : Map of Roman Britain.

- ALF RIVET & Colin SMITH : The Place-Names of Roman Britain. Batsford Ltd. London. 1979.

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