Encyclopédie Marikavel-Jean-Claude-EVEN/Encyclopaedia/Enciclopedia/Enzyklopädie/egkuklopaideia

d'ar gêr ! ***** à la maison ! ***** back home !

Noms de personnes / Anoioù tud Noms de lieux / Anoioù lec'hioù


page ouverte le 26.12.2005 forum de discussion

* forum du site Marikavel : Academia Celtica

dernière mise à jour : 17/03/2010 13:01:17

Définition : Peuple celte de la (G)Bretagne, situé au nord-est de l'Ecosse, en Aberdeenshire.


Extrait de la carte Ordnance Survey : Map of Roman Britain


Étymologie :

* A.L.F Rivet & Colin Smith : The Place-names of Roman Britain, p 463 et suiv. :

Sources : 

- Ptolémée, II,3,9 : Taixalai ( = Taexali) ; ... variantes Taixaloi (= Taezali), Taxaloi (= Taxali), Texaloi ( Texali). See also the formes of the next name.

DERIVATION. This is obscure. Jackson PP 136 thinks the name 'cannot be said to be Celtic with any confidence'. However, the one polis with Ptolemy assigns to the tribe - Devana (better, Devona) - has a thoroughly Celtic name, so the possibility must be left open. As between x (x) and z (z), the former has the better authority. If -ae- is right, representing Celtic -ai-, the only suggestion about a root is that made by O'Rahilly in EIHM 382, note, that the name might contain a word related to Celtic *taisto- ' dough ' (Welsh toes, Irish taes) ; but this seems an unlikely word to enter into an ethnic name. If the variant Tax- (present in four MSS) can be considered - and we recall that i (i) does occasionally intrude into Ptolemy's text, as in Dounion (Dunum1) and Mediolanion (Mediolanum) - we are within range of the Taxi- element which is found in two names. In Britain was Taximagulus, one of the rulers of Kent (Caesar BG V, 22, I), whose name is interpreted by Holder and others as 'slave of the god Taxis' (but see GPN 116-17), and in Noricum was a place Tasinemetum (TP), the 'sanctuary of the god Tasis or Taxis' (Holder). One wonders whether these forms with -x- may not be metathesised forms (-ks- for -sk-) of the numerous names of persons and places in Tasco- Tasgo- (which may or may not be the same, and whose meaning is somewhat unsure : see GPN 263-65). On attempts to spell in Latin Celtic /xs/, which may also be relevant here, see Jackson in LHEB 536-39 (with some mention of the present name).

IDENTIFICATION. A people of Scotland related by Ptolemy to their promontory (see the next entry) and, by the attribution to them of Devana, to the Dee or Don, and so occupying Aberdeenshire.


Observation JC Even : 


* A.L.F RIVET & Colin SMITH : The Place-names of Roman Britain. B.T Batsford Ltd. London. 1979-1982

* JC EVEN : Histoire Nationale des Bretons, de l'Aube des Temps à la fin du Vè siècle après J.C. Lannion. 1996. 

(publication Internet : http://marikavel.org/histoire/histoire-titre.htm)

* forum du site Marikavel : Academia Celtica

hast buan, ma mignonig vas vite, mon petit ami

go fast, my little friend

Retour en tête de page